December 17, 2018

sleep and circadian rhythms

sleep and circadian rhythms Everyone has their own internal biological clock that controls many bodily functions, such as telling you when you need to sleep. Some people are naturally morning people while others may be night owls, but everyone needs to sleep. As you learned previously, there are both genetic and environmental factors that play a role in your life—these genetic and environmental factors also affect your sleep patterns. To this end, there are many biological influences and individual choices that you make that influence your ability to sleep. Do some research to learn more about sleep and circadian rhythms […]
December 17, 2018

Free Speech is a Great Idea but Loose Lips Sink Ships

Free Speech is a Great Idea but Loose Lips Sink Ships On free speech in the United States. The concept of free speech is as ancient as the origins of man, but in this era the United States has become its poster child.  The United States of America has always stood for the cause of human dignity, what are known in this country as basic human rights.  It is important that we continue to defend liberty and justice even as we are in pursuit of our goals.  In this country we enjoy freedom of expression, something which is commonly referred […]
December 17, 2018

Philosophy and Human Good Ethical Dilemma

Philosophy and Human Good Ethical Dilemma FOR henryproff ONLY Cultural relativism notes there are no universal or shared principles. In contrast, the universal theory deontology, focuses on duty. Within deontology, how do we determine our specific duties in our culture or the world? Within this particular theory, we carry out our duties out of goodwill, as opposed to receiving a reward or fear of punishment. How are we able to know our particular duties so that we can be successful in our role? Are these universal concepts or are they relative to our culture?  100-150 words.  This is not a […]
December 17, 2018

Famine, Affluence, and Morality

Famine, Affluence, and Morality Please read the article “Famine, Affluence, and Morality,” by Peter Singer and complete the following tasks: Explain Singer’s goal in this article, and then present Singer’s argument that supports his position. Explain three counter-arguments to Singer’s position that he addresses in the article, and then summarize Singer’s responses to those counter-arguments. Define Singer’s concept of marginal utility, and explain how this concept relates to his argument. Compare how the ideas of duty and charity are different in Singer’s proposed world as opposed to how they are currently used in our society. Finally, present your personal response […]
December 17, 2018


piety In the Euthyphro, Socrates and Euthyphro discuss the concept of piety/holiness. This essay will not only test your ability to recognize and engage philosophical concepts and analysis, but also brings you into the dialogue as a participant, asking you to create your own definition of holiness. Read the Euthyphro, and write a paper in which you do the following: Explain how the concept of holiness emerges in the dialogue and why it takes a prominent position in the conversation between Socrates and Euthyphro. Present the three definitions that Euthyphro uses in his response to Socrates, and then present Socrates’s […]
December 17, 2018

ethical dilemma

ethical dilemma Choose one ethical dilemma from each group Group A: A newspaper columnist signs a contract with a newspaper chain. Several months later she is offered a position with another newspaper chain at a higher salary. Because she would prefer making more money, she notifies the first chain that she is breaking her contract. The courts will decide the legality of her action. But what of the morality? Did the columnist behave ethically? An airline pilot goes for his regular medical checkup. The doctor discovers that he has developed a heart murmur. The pilot only has a month to […]
December 17, 2018

Moral Relativism and Trying Out One’s New Sword

Moral Relativism and Trying Out One’s New Sword Ruth Benedict introduces the notion of the relativity of morals to cultures by presenting several cases of ‘primitive’ peoples whose cultural practices diverge dramatically from those modern Western societies. Mary Midgley considers the example of tsujigiri, and, drawing certain consequences from our reaction to this ancient Japenese practice, argues that what she terms ‘moral isolationism’ is a dangerously mistaken theory. Present each of their argument briefly in your own words and evaluate the debate about the relativity of morals to cultures. How, in your view, should we respond to the seeming opposition […]
December 17, 2018

aristotle and epicurus

aristotle and Epicurus   Aristotle and Epicurus give somewhat similar and somewhat different accounts of the highest good. Explain clearly in your own words the two accounts, bringing out the differences between them as well as their similarities. Then present and defend your own evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of one and the other: which account is better, in which ways? (Note: you don’t have to simply go with one account or the other, but you must do is clearly explain why you evaluate each account the way you do, and you must give reasons for your preference.)
December 17, 2018

Moral and Political Philosophy

Moral and Political Philosophy 1.) Read the following scenarios or issues from the Discussion and explain the problem or issue that it involves. In a public park, a small religious group wants to place a statue commemorating their religious ideals. The City Council considers this and feels that there would be no harm in doing so, but as soon as all the other numerous religious groups in the area hear about it, they also want to place statues in the park as well. What is the just way to resolve this issue and who should decide? Should the City Council […]
December 15, 2018

Punishment vs Rehabilitation

Punishment vs Rehabilitation Assignment 2: Punishment vs. Rehabilitation: What Society Wants vs. What Works It’s a popular notion that harsh punishment in prison should act as a deterrent to crime. The slogan “to be tough on crime” often extends to the conditions in prison. The evolution of punishment has included executions, corporal punishment, hard labor, and exile. Despite the presence of harsh punishments since the last twenty years, there has been only a slight deterrent effect. Conversely, approaches to reduce recidivism through evidence-based practices and programs have succeeded. It is important to understand the goals of punishment and how they […]
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